The most important point that we have to take into consideration is the availability of the recent (new) information in Arabic ; cause the majority of the Iraq people know little English. So, we have to reinforce the Arabic page of this extremely great web-site which is unique for Iraq fauna ever. I saw the Arabic page not fit up to the level of the information shown in English , and for this sake I suggest to review the Arabic version to insure wide benefit of this beloved site.

Regarding the birds , I think I have good mass of recent information (1990 - up to recently) that I may show here. But my problem is the time, as I'm involved in my continous fieldwork over our Marshlands' Birds, as well as my study and reporting ...etc. But, in all cases, I'll be very happy to help anybody who need for information about Iraq Fauna generally.

Regards, and thank you for this great website...

Mudhafar A. Salim
Iraq Nature Conservation Society

The purpose of this space is to provide a space to compile bird sighting records for Iraq. Once I'm done editing my list, I'll start incorporating other people's sightings and specimen records from museum collections.. The observer ID at the end of each sighting will allow the assembly of an aggregate list. Feel free to add your own sighting in. Make sure to add yourself to the Observer Key and to annotate each record with your initials at the end in brackets [intitals].

**For complete Iraq Country list click here**

If you have a suggestion for a better format please let me know.

Tasks to do:
1. All Species names bold
2. All latin names bold and italics
3. Add dates of observation.

Observer Key
JTT = Jonathan Trouern-Trend
TJMR= Tim Robinson
RLR = Randel L. Rogers

Location Key
LSAA - Logistic Support Area Anaconda, near Balad, Salah Ad Dihn Province. Currently known as "Joint Base Balad"
DRMO Pond - Several acre drainage pond in northwest corner of LSAA near scrap yard.
CSC Scania - Convoy Support Center Scania, near Ad Diwaniya.
IZ- International Zone, Baghdad
AA - Al Asad Airbase, about 100 miles NW of Ramadi
TQ - Al Taqqadum, on the east shore of Lake Habbiniyah

Systematic List – Iraq and Kuwait February 2004 to 2009


Little Grebe –Tachybaptus ruficollis – Many individuals throughout the year in small reed fringed pond on LSA Anaconda (LSAA), Salah ad Din Province. Up to 20 individuals present at one time in July. Individuals were present during breeding season but never seen with young. Also seen in the large lakes at the Victory Base complex in Baghdad.[JTT]
2/23/2004 - Roadside ponds between Nasiriyah and Diwaniyah - several birds in scattered locations.
2/24/2004 - Large pond at CSC Scania.
6/19/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSA Anaconda - 3 birds [JTT]
7/10/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSAA - 4 birds [JTT]
7/15/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSA Anaconda - 20 birds [JTT]
8/14/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSA Anaconda - 2 birds [JTT]
8/27/2004 - Ponds at Camp Victory and Camp Slayer, Baghdad - multiple birds [JTT]
9/3/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSA Anaconda - 3 birds [JTT]
9/23/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSA Anaconda - 4 birds [JTT]
10/5/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSAA - 1 bird [JTT]
10/24/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSAA - 2 birds [JTT]
12/23/2004 - Laundry Pond, LSAA - 2 birds [JTT]
1/14/2005 - Laundry Pond, LSAA - 1 bird [JTT]
Summer 2008 - Laundry Pond, LSAA - multiple birds [RLR]
2008-09 - AA, Lake Liberty, wadi stream - at least 3 birds in lake, 7 in stream - possibly breeds [RLR]
Great-crested GrebePodiceps cristatus – One individual at LSA Anaconda in September 2004.[JTT]


Great Cormorant – Phalacrocorax carbo – Flock of about 25 individuals migrating north along Tigris River May 2004. [JTT]
Pygmy Cormorant – Individuals in the August 2004 in lakes around Camp Victory, near Baghdad International Airport.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - TQ, Lake Habbiniyah, at least 2 dozen [RLR]
Shag - Palacrocorax aristotelis - NOV 2008 - TQ, Lake Habbiniyah, 2 birds [RLR]

Herons and Egrets

Bittern - Botaurus stellaris -
Fall 2008 - AA - individual bird seen multiple times at marshy area east end of wadi - possibly breeds. [RLR]
Black-crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax– Individuals or pairs seen at ponds on LSA Anaconda, Camp Liberty, Victory Base and Babylon Ruins, Babil Province and flying up the Tigris River in Salah Ad Dihn Province.[JTT]
Squacco Heron - Ardeola ralloides – Seen during spring and early summer on LSA Anaconda. Sometimes seen by helicopter on runs between Baghdad and LSA Anaconda.[JTT] One seen at Laundry Pond in late summer 2008. [RLR]
Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis – Common resident of the Tigris Valley. Often seen in large flocks over agricultural lands on my flights to Baghdad.[JTT]
Little Egret - Egretta garzetta – Individuals throughout the year. Large numbers appeared in the late summer to early fall. Up to 37 at the LSA Anaconda laundry pond, roosting at night in the phragmites reeds.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - AA, Abraham's Well, up to 18 birds [RLR]
Great Egret - Ardea alba – Occassional visitor to LSA Anaconda throughout the year.[JTT]
Summer 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - 2 birds [RLR]
Grey Heron - Ardea cinerea – Single birds seen in winter at LSA Anaconda and at Ali Base (Tallil) near Nasiriyah. [JTT]
Fall 2008 - TQ - Lake Habbiniyah - at least 7 birds [RLR]
Winter 2008 - AA - Lake Al Asad / Lake Liberty - 1 bird [RLR]
Purple Heron - Ardea purpurea – Individual birds seen from helicopter, flying over marshes north of Baghdad.[JTT]


White Stork - Ciconia ciconia – A flock of 45 migrating birds seen in late September over LSA Anaconda. The birds circled in a thermal for 10 minutes before moving off south. Called Laklak by local farmers.[JTT]
Summer 2008 - AA - Abraham's Well - 1 bird [RLR]

Ducks and Geese

Common Teal - Anas crecca – Up to 20 present at LSA Anaconda ponds in January 2005. Many small ducks seen during the winter may have been this species. Birds were often too far out to identify with binoculars.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - AA - over 30 birds present in wet areas across post. [RLR]
JAN 2008 - AA - pair observed at Freedom Lake [RLR]
Mallard - Anas platyrhynchos – Seen in small flocks at LSA Anaconda pond from September to January.[JTT]
10/5/2004 - 2 at Laundry Pond, LSAA
Winter 2008 - AA various numbers up to 23 observed regularly in wet marsh areas of wadi. [RLR]
Garganey - Anas querquedula – First arrived at LSA Anaconda in September, seen in small numbers throughout fall and winter.[JTT]
10/5/2004 - 2 at Laundry Pond, LSAA
SEP 2008 - 3 at Laundry Pond, LSAA [RLR]
Pintail - Anas acuta
Fall/Winter 2008 - AA - pool east of perimeter bridge, 1 bird seen a few times, possibly same bird. [RLR]
Northern Shoveler - Anas clypeata – First seen in March 2004 during spring migration. Seen again at LSA Anaconda starting in September. Flocks of several hundred birds present in January 2005.[JTT].
3/14/2004 - DRMO pond, LSAA - 25 birds.
Winter 2008 - AA - up to 11 seen in marshy areas of wadi, 5 became long term winter visitors. [RLR]
Marbled Teal - Marmaronetta angustirostris – Small numbers of this globally threatened species were seen on LSAA throughout the Spring and Summer. May have bred, but I never saw any young. Very secretive preferring to spend time in the thick reeds surrounding the ponds.[JTT]
SEP 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - large flock passed through, smaller numbers seen regularly. [RLR]
Summer 2008 - Ramadi - photo given to me of one adult leading seven young across the road. [RLR]
Fall 2008 - AA - at least one small flock passed through mixed with other ducks. Verified photos of 2 individuals. [RLR]
Pochard - Aythya ferina
JAN 2009 - AA Freedom Lake - 1 bird, stayed a while. [RLR]
Ferruginous Duck - Aythya nyroca – Fall and winter visitor to LSAA.[JTT]
SEP 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - 50 or more, varied each day. [RLR]
Fall 2008 - AA - stream east end of wadi, east of perimeter bridge - a minimum of 3 birds, probably 5 or more. [RLR]

Kites, Old World Vultures, Hawks and Eagles

Black Kite - Milvus migrans – Seen during migration at LSA Anaconda and also in Al-Anbar Province.[JTT]
2008 - AA kettle of 20+ seen during fall migration, an individual observed the next day [RLR]
Egyptian Vulture - Neophron percnopterus – 2 Birds described to me by another soldier were most likely this species. Seen feeding on the ground on LSA Anaconda, Spring 2004.[JTT]
Marsh Harrier - Circus aeruginosus – Two birds spent much of the winter hunting in the reedbeds of LSA Anacondas drainage ponds.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - TQ - 4-5 observed regularly on east side of Lake Habbiniyah [RLR]
2008-2009 - AA - at least one individual observed year-round in wadi, in late summer at least 3 [RLR]
Hen Harrier - Circus cyaneus
Winter 2008 - AA - female observed in wadi on 3 occassions. [RLR]
Pallid Harrier - Circus macrourus
Fall 2008 - AA - male observed in wadi. [RLR]
European Sparrowhawk - Accipiter nisus – A migrating accipiter I saw in late September was either this or a closely related species like the Levant Goshawk.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - JAN 2009 - AA - single observations in wadi and palm grove, probably represent at least 2 birds. [RLR]
Common Buzzard - Buteo buteo – A migrating Buteo in late September on LSA Anaconda was likely a Common Buzzard.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - AA - Buteo observed in migration was likely this species. [RLR]
Long-legged Buzzard - Buteo rufinus
Fall 2008 - AA - observed twice. [RLR]
Greater Spotted Eagle - Aquila clanga – A large Aquila species circling the ruins of Ur in southern Iraq was probably this species.[JTT]
Golden Eagle - Aquila chrysaetos
Fall 2008 - AA - pair of large raptors observed from a distance were probably this species. [RLR]
Booted Eagle - Hieraaetus pennatus
Fall 2008 - AA - one unmistakable observation, another probable. [RLR]


Lesser Kestrel - Falco naumanni – Seen infrequently on LSAA during migration.[JTT]
Eurasian Kestrel - Falco tinnunculus – Resident on LSAA, often seen hunting over marshes and agricultural field surround the base.[JTT]
2008-09 - AA - common resident [RLR]
Merlin - Falco columbarius – One individual spent several days hunting at the LSAA burnpit/dump in January 2005.[JTT]
Hobby - Falco subbuteo – A small dark, streaked falcon seen in October 2004 at Al Asad Airbase in Al Anbar province was likely this species.[JTT]
Saker Falcon - Falco cherrug – A brown migrating falcon seen at LSA Anaconda may have been this species.[JTT]

Pheasants, Quails and Allies

Black Francolin - Francolinus francolinus – I watched two spectacular male birds chasing each other in a scrubby area on the southern part of Camp Victory near Baghdad International Airport.[JTT]
2008-09 - AA common resident in wadi, probable breeder. [RLR]
2008 - Ramadi - caught in live traps intended for dogs - I saw photos. [RLR]
Common Quail - Coturnix coturnix – One bird flushed from the grass in fields abutting LSAA, probably a migrant.[JTT]

Rails, Coots and Allies

Water Rail - Rallus aquaticus
2008-09 - AA - appears to be resident along stream in wadi - as many as 3 seen at a time, probably breeds. [RLR]
Little Crake - Porzana parva
2008-09 - AA - appears to be resident along stream in wadi - not uncommon to see 1 or 2 at a time, probably breeds. [RLR]
Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus – A year round resident in the largest two ponds at LSAA. I saw several black fuzzy chicks during the summer.[JTT]
2008 - LSAA - several present in Laundry Pond. [RLR]
2008-09 - AA - common resident in ponds and marshes - possible to count 40 or more birds across post in a day - breeds. [RLR]
Purple Swamphen - Porphyrio porphyrio – Large spectacular bird with long red legs. Resident in the largest pond on LSAA. More often heard than seen, preferring to stay hidden in the reeds.[JTT]
Coot - Fulica atra – Fall and winter visitor at LSAA, sometimes large rafts would form in the ponds. Apparently, huge flocks are present in the winter in the large lakes of central Iraq. Sometimes eaten in winter, especially in cities near the central lakes like Fallujah and Ramadi.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - high double digits present, if not low triple digits. [RLR]
2008-09 - AA - common resident in stream and lakes - can count 60+ in a day across post. [RLR]


MacQueen's Bustard - Chlamydotis macqueenii – One bird seen from a helicopter while flying from Balad to FOB Endurance over desert scrub. Distinctive black and white wing pattern. Traditionally hunted by the Arabs using trained falcons. The Macqueen’s Bustard was formerly considered a subspecies of the Houbara Bustard.[JTT]

Avocets and Stilts

Pied Avocet - Recurvirostra avosetta – Winter visitor to ponds and lakes of central and southern Iraq. Seen in roadside ponds convoying from Kuwait near Nasiriyah and Diwaniyah. Also seen at LSAA on one occasion.[JTT]
Black-winged Stilt - Himantopus himantopus – One of the most common and distinctive birds on LSAA. A year-round resident breeder. Often seen in noisy flocks at any standing water throughout the Tigris valley.[JTT]
Fall 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - easy to see at least a few. [RLR]
Fall 2008 - AA - wadi - one bird. [RLR]

Plovers and Lapwings

Common Ringed Plover -Charadrius hiaticula – A pair was seen on one occasion at a small sewage pond on LSAA.
Summer 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - single bird. [RLR]
Kentish (Snowy) Plover- Charadrius alexandrinus – Birds seen at Tallil Airbase, now Ali Base near Nasiriyah.
Spur-winged Plover- Vanellus spinosus – Resident on LSAA, a few could usually be found near water.
Fall 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - 3-4 there pretty much all the time. [RLR]
Red-wattled Plover- Vanellus indicus – Noisy breeding residents throughout the Tigris and Euphrates valleys.
2008-09 - AA - as many as 7 seen in a day, usually a couple around Freedom Lake, also in the wadi. [RLR]
2008 - Taji - photo shared of 2 birds. [RLR]
Sociable Plover -Vanellus gregarius – A possible sighting of a flock of this globally threatened species was seen by helicopter in the farmland north of LSAA while flying north toward Tikrit.
White-tailed Plover- Vanellus leucurus – One seen in a small puddle near the perimeter fence on LSAA.

Sandpipers and Allies

Common Snipe - Gallinago gallinago – Several birds flushed from edge of large pond on LSAA.
2008-09 - AA - fairly common around wet areas. [RLR]
Great Snipe - Gallinago media – One bird was seen resting at the edge of a sewage pond on LSAA.
Black-tailed Godwit - Limosa limosa – Several wintering birds seen at a pond at CSC Scania in February 2004.
Summer 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - 1 bird probably this species. [RLR]
Fall 2008 - AA - 2 birds. [RLR]
Ruff - Philomachus pugnax – Multiple birds seen in roadside ponds between Tallil Airbase and CSC Scania near Diwaniya
Fall / Winter 2008 - AA - common to find 1-2 birds somewhere on post, wadi stream, Lake Alabama, Freedom Lake. [RLR]
Spotted Redshank - Tringa erythropus – Seen on several occasions feeding at sewage pond on LSAA.
Common Redshank - Tringa totanus – One of the most common wintering sandpipers seen on LSAA and in roadside ponds south of Baghdad.
Green Sandpiper - Tringa ochropus – Fall and winter visitor
Fall / Winter 2008 - AA - a few present in wet areas throughout fall and winter. [RLR]
Wood Sandpiper - Tringa glareola – Single birds seen at LSAA and pond at CSC Scania.
Common Sandpiper - Actitis hypoleucos
Fall / Winter 2008 - AA - a few present in wet areas thoughout fall and winter. [RLR]

Gulls and Terns

Black-headed Gull - Larus ridibundus – Large wintering flocks up to 500 birds fed at the LSA Anaconda dump. By early spring many birds were in breeding plumage.
3/16/2004 - LSAA - 575 birds roosting in field across from dump, about 50% in breeding plumage.
3/17/2004 - LSAA - 150 birds at Dump/Burnpit.
Slender-billed Gull - Larus genei – One individual swimming in a roadside pond near Diwaniya.
2/23/2004 - CSC Scania, near Diwaniyah
Fall 2008 - TQ - many present [RLR]
Winter 2008 - AA - single bird fly by [RLR]
Lesser Black-backed Gull - Larus fuscus – small numbers present during the winter.
Fall 2008 - TQ - small numbers on Lake Habinniyah [RLR]
Yellow-legged (Caspian) Gull - Larus cachinnans- seen occasionally in winter at LSAA dump/burnpit
Armenian Gull - Larus armenicus – present in small numbers during winter.
2/23/2004 - ponds along highway between Nasiriyah and Ad Diwaniyah
Common Tern - Sterna hirundo – Seen several times on LSAA at drainage ponds during the summer.
Summer 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - [RLR]
Little Tern - Sterna albifrons – Seen once on LSAA at laundry pond. Breeds elsewhere in Iraq in river valleys.
Summer 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - single bird observed. [RLR]
Whiskered Tern - Chlidonias hybridus – Seen throughout the spring and summer on the ponds at LSAA.
White-winged Tern - Chlidonias leucopterus – Summer vistor to Tigris and Euphrates valleys. Common visitor to LSAA ponds. Over a hundred birds gathered in the ponds in late summer.
4/25/2004 - LSAA - 5 birds at Laundry Pond.
10/5/2004 - LSAA - 1 bird at Laundry Pond
Summer 2008 - LSAA - 4 birds at Laundry Pond [RLR]


Pin-tailed Sandgrouse - Pterocles alchata – A male struck a helicopter coming back from Baghdad.

Doves and Pigeons

Rock Pigeon - Columba livia – Common in cities and town throughout the region, even in remote desert areas a few can usually be found.
Eastern Stock Dove - Columba eversmanni
JAN 2009 - AA - a few of these started to show up in flocks of Wood and/or Collared doves. [RLR]
Wood Pigeon - Columba palumbus – Thousands of these large pigeons can be found on LSAA and the surrounding area. Large numbers seem to favor the Date Palm groves. Flying to Baghdad hundreds of birds can be seen emerging from the date groves. In the summer smaller numbers remain and breed. On LSAA they nested in the early spring. Also very common on Al Asad.
Collared Dove - Streptopelia decaocto – A common resident breeder on LSAA and throughout central iraq. Very large numbers gather in the Date Palm groves in the winter. Seen in the International Zone. Also common on Al Asad, TQ.
Turtle Dove - Streptopelia turtur – Seen only once on LSAA
Laughing Dove - Streptopelia senegalensis – Seen at Babylon and at LSAA. Seen in the International Zone. Common at Al Asad (breeds).
Racing Dove, unknown variety - recovered at Al Asad, vet checked, set free, owner notified. [RLR]

Typical Owls

European Scops Owl - Otus scops
Fall 2008 - AA - single bird observed near palm grove. [RLR]
Little Owl - Athene noctua – Saw several times on LSAA. Active during the day, roosted inside concrete bunkers. Photo evidence from Al Asad in 2005.

Barn Owls

Barn Owl - Tyto alba – resident breeder on LSAA and elsewhere. Used Aircraft hangars and concrete bunkers for nesting. Sometimes seen flying around at dusk and in the early evening.


European Nightjar - Caprimulgus europaeus
Fall 2008 - AA - 1 bird stayed a day during migration [RLR]
Egyptian Nightjar - Caprimulgus aegyptius
Winter 2008 - AA - at least 1 bird made regular nightly appearances. [RLR]


Common Swift - Apus apus - A migrating pair seen in spring near a LSAA drainage pond.


White-breasted (Smyrna) Kingfisher - Halcyon smyrnensis – Resident breeder in both the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys. A striking bird with a large bright red bill and blue, white and brown plumage. See frequently at LSAA ponds, more common in nearby village next to the Tigris River, often perching on telephone lines.
Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis
Fall 2008 - LSAA Laundry Pond - single bird. [RLR]
Pied Kingfisher - Ceryle rudis – A black and white bird with a crest. Seen feeding in the ponds at Camp Victory, Camp Liberty and Camp Slayer near Baghdad International Airport, along the Tigris River in the International Zone, Baghdad and at Camp Babylon along the Euphrates River, at TQ on Lake Habbiniyah, and at Tallil Airbase in Southern Iraq.


Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus – These very active and beautiful green birds were seen along canals in the villages surrounding LSAA as well as the LSAA ponds, also seen at Camp Slayer, near Baghdad, at Al Asad, and at Camp Babylon along the Euphrates River.


European Roller - Coracias garrulus – Seen on the fenceline at LSAA and on powerlines on the road to Khalis.
Summer 2008 - AA - single bird in palm grove. [RLR]
Indian Roller - Coracias benghalensis – Seen on several occasions on LSAA perched on the perimeter fence or flying overhead. Also seen in villages in the vicinity of LSAA mostly perching on powerlines.


Hoopoe - Upupa epops – A very distinctive bird with zebra-striped wings and a large crest. Though to have magical powers in Arab folk medicine. Bones used to make love potions. Seen near laundry pond at LSA Anaconda and in surrounding villages during spring and fall migration. Local name is Hudhud.
Fall 2008 - AA - several seen in migration. [RLR]


Wryneck - Jynx torquilla
SEP 2008 - AA - a number of these showed up during migration - sometimes 7-8 at a time. A possible individual seen in winter. [RLR]


Desert Lark - Ammomanes deserti - commonly observed winter of 2008 at Al Asad. [RLR]
Crested Lark - Galerida cristata – A very tame and distinctive bird seen throughout Iraq in many habitats from barren desert to the lush river valleys. Some birds developed the habit of hanging around the dining halls like house sparrows. One time I saw a crested lark running around with a French fry.
Greater Short-toed Lark - Calandrella brachydactyla
Fall 2008 - AA - single bird at DFAC 3. [RLR]

Swallows and Martins

Sand Martin (Bank Swallow) - Riparia riparia – A small flock was seen flying over a LSAA pond in the fall with other migrating swallows.
Summer 2008 - AA - seen on a few occasions, at Abraham's Well and wadi near east perimeter. [RLR]
Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica – Very common summer breeder. First migrating birds appeared in January. Nested in buildings around the region including abandoned military bunkers.
Red-rumped Swallow - Cecropis daurica – Seen a few times with Barn Swallows on LSAA.

Wagtails and Pipits

Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla flava – Seen on several occasions during migration near water on LSAA and at Al Asad- M. feldegg also seen at AA [RLR]
Grey Wagtail - Motacilla cinerea – A visitor to LSAA during migration.
White Wagtail - Motacilla alba – A common winter visitor throughout Iraq and Kuwait. Very tame, in desert areas they frequented locations were there was regular water runoff, such as shower trailers.
Tawny Pipit - Anthus campestris - common fall and winter of 2008 at Al Asad.
Long-billed Pipit - Anthus similis
Fall 2008 - AA - single bird stopped during migration. [RLR]

Bulbuls and Hypocolius

White-cheeked Bulbul - Pycnonotus leucogenys – A distinctive bird seen throughout the Tigris and Euphrates valleys. They would often sing and chase each other even when temperatures approached 120 degrees F. Birds seen fledging at Babylon in August 2004. Common in Baghdad, both International Zone and Camp Victory, forages in date palms.
Grey Hypocolius - Hypocolius ampelinus
Summer 2008 - AA - common in summer, appears to breed (family groups seen), only a few overwinter. [RLR]

Grass Warblers

Graceful Prinia - Prinia gracilis – A very active little bird seen commonly on LSA Anaconda, Camp Victory and Babylon Ruins, Camp Alpha, Al Asad.

Old World Warblers

Moustached Warbler - Acrocephalus melanopogon – One bird seen in marshy area on LSA Anaconda January 2005 spent most of its time feeding near the water, close to the ground. Its chestnut color and behavior reminded me of a Carolina Wren back home.
Winter 2008 - AA - along stream in wadi. [RLR]
Great Reed Warbler - Acrocephalus arundinaceus – One migrant singing in the reeds next to the northwest drainage pond on LSA Anaconda.
2008-09 - AA - common at Abraham's Well or wetter parts of wadi - probably breeds. [RLR]
Olivaceous Warbler - Hippolais pallida - summer and fall resident at Al Asad [RLR]
Icterine Warbler - Hippolais icterina
Chiffchaff - Phylloscopus collybita – One bird seen at FOB Endurance, south of Mosul
Willow Warbler - Phylloscopus trochilus – Migrant seen at Al Asad Airbase (also observed in 2008)
Eastern Bonelli's Warbler - Phylloscopus orientalis - late migration 2008 at Al Asad
Wood Warbler - Phylloscopus sibilatrix -
Fall 2008 - AA - single bird observed at Abraham's Well. [RLR]
Greater Whitethroat - Sylvia communis -
Fall 2008 - AA [RLR]
Desert Warbler - Sylvia nana – Individuals seen in desert area surrounding Camp Victory, Kuwait. Spent most of their time running around under spiny bushes.
Barred Warbler - Slyvia nisoria
Fall 2008 - AA - one or more birds during migration. [RLR]
Eastern Orphean Warbler - Sylvia crassirostris – One bird in heavy vegetation surrounding a building at Al Asad Airbase
Sardinian Warbler - Sylvia melanocephala
Fall 2008 - AA - migration. [RLR]
Menetries's Warbler - Sylvia mystacea
Fall 2008 - AA - migration. [RLR]
Spectacled Warbler - Syvia conspicillata
Fall 2008 - AA - migration. [RLR]

Robins, Chats and Old World Flycatchers

Spotted Flycatcher - Muscicapa striata – Seen on several occasions on LSAA during migration feeding in Tamarisk trees or perching on the fenceline. Also common during migration at Al Asad, a few over winter.
Rufous Bush Robin - Cercotrichas galactotes
Summer 2008 - AA - common around Abraham's Well [RLR]
European Robin - Erithacus rubecula – Single Male at FOB Endurance, near Qayarrah, October 2004
Fall / Winter 2008 - AA - fairly common from migration through winter. [RLR]
Nightingale - Luscinia megahynchos
Fall 2008 - AA - 1 bird migrating. [RLR]
Bluethroat - Luscinia sveccia (magna)
2008-09 - AA - common late summer, fall, winter. [RLR]
White-throated Robin - Irania gutteralis
Fall 2008 - AA - small numbers in migration [RLR]
Black Redstart - Phoenicurus ochruros – Common bird in fall and winter seen in multiple regions, Al Anbar Province to include Al Asad, near Mosul, LSAA and at Tallil Airbase in the south.
Common Redstart - Phoenicurus phoenicurus – Seen during migration, much less common than the black redstart.
Fall 2008 - AA - 1 bird. [RLR]
Winchat - Saxicola rubeta
Fall 2008 - AA - 1 bird. [RLR]
Stonechat - Saxicola rubicola – A common wintering bird often seen on the perimeter fence or feeding in low scrub at LSAA and Al Asad.
Northern Wheatear - Oenanthe oenanthe – Single Individual at Al Asad Airbase, Al Anbar province, October 2004
Fall 2008 - another sighting of a single bird at Al Asad. [RLR]
Isabelline Wheatear - Oenanthe isabellina – Birds seen on perimeter fenceline at LSA Anaconda during fall migration. Common in desert scrub surrounding Camp Victory, Kuwait winter 2005. Common fall and winter at Al Asad.
Pied Wheatear - Oenanthe pleschanka – Single bird near the Ziggurat of Ur, near Nasiriyah, December 2004
Desert Wheatear – Oenanthe deserti - Seen at Udari Range and Camp Virginia in Kuwait in February 2004. Very Common in desert scrub around Camp Victory, Kuwait, January 2005.
Finsch's Wheatear - Oenanthe finschii
Winter 2008 - AA - a regular male and a possible female took winter residence near the west end of runway. [RLR]
Ring Ouzel - Turdus torquatus
Winter 2008 - AA - a few passed through in November / December, 1 or more may have lingered. [RLR]


Common Babbler - Turdoides caudatus – Often seen running in scrub or perched on fences at LSAA. Also seen in scrubby areas at the Victory Base complex near Baghdad International Airport, and common in wadi and other areas of Al Asad.
Iraq Babbler - Turdoides altirostris – Several seen at Camp Alpha, Babylon Ruins in phragmites reeds. Also fairly common and probably breeds in wadi at Al Asad.

Old World Orioles

Golden Oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Fall 2008 - AA - a few passed in migration at Abraham's Well and palm grove. [RLR]


Isabelline Shrike - Lanius isabellinus – Seen at Scania near Ad Diwaniyah in February also at Victory Base Complex in August, arrived at Al Asad towards the end of migration and stayed in small numbers through the winter.
Red-backed Shrike - Lanius collurio - A pair seen at LSAA spent two days feeding around one of the ponds. Very common during migration (SEP) at Al Asad.
Lesser Grey Shrike - Lanius minor - Individuals seen at LSAA in summer, Al Asad in summer and fall.
Great Grey Shrike - Lanius excubitor - a few seen at Al Asad during migration (SEP) [RLR]
Southern Grey Shrike - Lanius meridionalis
Woodchat Shrike - Lanius senator - very common at Al Asad during migration (SEP) [RLR]
Masked Shrike - Lanius nubicus - fairly common at Al Asad during migration (SEP) [RLR]

Magpies, Jays, Crows and Ravens

Magpie - Pica pica – Seen throughout the year at LSA Anaconda, seemed to be more common at higher elevations near Mosul, Ninewah Province. Also very common at Al Asad (breeds) and observed at TQ.
Jackdaw - Corvus monedula – A winter visitor sometimes mixed in with Rook flocks. Frequented the dump at LSA Anaconda.
JAN 2009 - AA - single bird observed may have been this species. [RLR]
Rook - Corvus frugilegus – Winter visitors, abundant from late October to early spring from Baghdad north. Flocks of thousands of birds are a common sight in agricultural areas. Appeared absent in the southern desert near Nasiriyah and in Kuwait.
22Oct2009 First birds appear at Joint Base Balad. Single Bird and then flock of 6 birds flying over.
Hooded Crow - Corvus corone cornix – Winter visitor, often seen at the LSA Anaconda dump and at Al Asad
Mesopotamian Crow - Corvus corone capellanus – Resident birds seen commonly throughout the year in the Tigris and Euphrates Valleys. This black and white bird is sometimes considered a separate species from the Hooded Crow. Common year around at Al Asad, probably breeds.
Brown-necked Raven - Corvus ruficollis – One individual flying over Camp Doha, Kuwait, fairly common in summer at Al Asad (probably breeds), present in much smaller numbers in winter.

Starlings and Mynas

Eurasian Starling - Sturnus vulgaris – Seen only on three occassions, all at LSA Anaconda. Flocks of less than 100 birds during migration or in the winter. One flock roosted in a large reedbed surrounding one of the drainage ponds, another flock spent a few days at the LSA Anaconda dump and burn pit. Small flock often seen at Al Asad burn pit.

Weaver Finches

House Sparrow - Passer domesticus – Abundant resident. Seen at all locations from remote desert camps to villages and farms in the river valleys. Winter flocks often exceeded 500 birds and formed noisy roosts near our building on LSA Anaconda.
Spanish Sparrow - Passer hispaniolensis – A small flock seen on migration in spring on LSAA feeding on thistles. Large flocks present at Al Asad, usually in wadi or palm grove, a few probable hybrids observed. Over 100 birds common.
Dead Sea Sparrow - Passer moabiticus – Noisy little birds that built globular stick nests in the low bushes near the phragmites reeds of the drainage ponds on LSAA. Small flocks observed in wadi and palm grove at Al Asad, probably breeds.


Chaffinch - Fringilla coelebs – A migrant through central Iraq. I saw small numbers of these birds in the winter on LSA Anaconda.
European Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis – Migrated through in March and again in the fall. In March they fed on the seeds of large thistles. Usually traveled in small flocks.
Eurasian Siskin - Carduelis spinus – Seen twice on LSA Anaconda, once feeding on tiny Eucalyptus seeds outside my headquarters building.
Trumpeter Finch - Bucanetes githagineus
Fall 2008 - AA - 1 bird showed up at Abraham's Well. [RLR]
Ortolan Bunting - Emberiza hortulana
Fall 2008 - AA - 1 bird at palm grove. [RLR]

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